Read more about the article Letters from a Stoic 66 Summary and Key Takeaways
Seneca on Virtues

Letters from a Stoic 66 Summary and Key Takeaways

          In Letter 66, "On Various Aspects of Virtue", Seneca explores the nature of virtue and its manifestations. It begins with a reflection on his reunion with a former schoolmate, Claranus, who, despite his physical frailties, demonstrates a robust and admirable spirit. Seneca uses this meeting to delve into deeper philosophical discussions about the essence and equality of virtues.          Seneca emphasizes that true virtue does not require…

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Read more about the article What is Stoicism?
What is Stoicism - Main Tenets - Best Quotes - Stoic Philosophers

What is Stoicism?

Table of Contents Overview           Stoicism is a philosophical doctrine that originated in the Hellenistic period, emphasizing rationality and self-control as the path to achieving emotional well-being and moral virtue. This philosophy teaches that the development of self-control and fortitude as a means to overcome destructive emotions involves understanding the natural order of the world, particularly the acceptance of one's fate as determined by reason. Main Tenets of Stoicism    …

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Read more about the article Who is Marcus Aurelius?
Who is Marcus Aurelius

Who is Marcus Aurelius?

Table of Contents Biography         Marcus Aurelius, born on April 26, 121 AD, in Rome, was a Roman emperor and philosopher, renowned for his rule guided by Stoic philosophy. He became emperor in 161 AD, co-ruling with Lucius Verus until 169 AD, and then as the sole ruler after Verus's death. His reign is marked by military conflict, including wars against the Parthian Empire and various Germanic tribes. Despite these challenges, Marcus…

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Read more about the article Who is Seneca?
Who is Seneca

Who is Seneca?

Table of Contents Biography           Lucius Annaeus Seneca, commonly known as Seneca the Younger, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, and dramatist born around 4 BC in Corduba, Hispania (modern-day Spain). He was raised in Rome, where he was educated in rhetoric and philosophy. Seneca’s career in public service saw various phases, including his roles as quaestor, senator, and advisor to Emperor Nero. His relationship with Nero soured, leading to his…

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Read more about the article Who is Epictetus?
Who is Epictetus

Who is Epictetus?

Biography         Epictetus, born around 55 AD in Hierapolis, Phrygia (now part of modern-day Turkey), was initially born into slavery. He lived in Rome where he was a slave to Epaphroditos, a wealthy freedman and secretary to Nero. Epictetus was eventually freed and went on to teach philosophy in Rome until approximately 93 AD, when Emperor Domitian banished philosophers from the city.            He then relocated to Nicopolis in…

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